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Dorothy Hodgson

Shullsburg, WI


Authentic: (awe-THEN-tick) Genuine, accurate.
(sounds like, COKES) To persuade.
Ethnic heritage: Traditions and customs of people that are from the same cultural background.
Ethnicities: (sounds like, eth-NIH-ci-tees) Of a common culture or country.
Hearty: Filling, plentiful.
Industry: A business that produces a certain product.
Initials: (sounds like, ih-NIH-shuls) The first letters of a persons name. The initials for Dorothy Hodgson are D.H.
Knockers: The mischievous little people that Cornish miners believed lived in the mines.
Miner: Someone who works in a mine. A mine is an area of the earth rich in minerals, oil, salt, etc.
Pasties: (sounds like, PASS-teez) Turnovers with a pie-like crust that are filled with meat and potatoes.
Perfect: (sounds like, purr-FECT) To make perfect.
Regional culture: The customs, beliefs, social activities, and materials of a region.
Self-enclosed: When something is its own container.

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Journal Questions

QuestionWhat kinds of work do your family members perform? Describe a typical work-day lunch for each person in your family. 

QuestionDo you know people who care about making good food? Do they try to use the perfect ingredients, search for excellent flavors, make sure to cook the dish just right, and love to see other people eat what they make? 

QuestionCan you think of something that’s associated with two or more cultures even though it originated in one of them? 

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Resources For Teachers

Field TripConsider a field trip to southwest Wisconsin to tour historic mining sites such as The Mining Museum in Platteville, The Badger Mine and Museum in Shullsburg, and the Cornish miners’ colony of Pendarvis in Mineral Point. The brochure, “Shullsburg Mining Region Tour,” available from 608/965-4401, will give additional sites. Or tour the area without your students while getting some good exercise through the Lead Mine Heritage Bicycle Tour.  

Web ResourceThe Flavor of Wisconsin is a lesson plan from the State Historical Society Office of School Services. It features pasties among other Wisconsin traditional foods, all of which could be made by a class.

Web ResourcePut mining in southwest Wisconsin into context with the article, “Mining in the Upper Midwest” from the Library of Congress.

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Resources For Students

Web ResourceThere are lots of pasty recipes on the web. Here are a few links: twelve pasty recipes with variations, a recipe for Cornish-Finnish-Michigan Pasties, and another eleven pasty recipes mostly from Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.

Web ResourceOther places in the Upper Midwest with mining history also have strong links with pasties. The Upper Peninsula of Michigan and the Iron Range of Minnesota are two such places. Here are two websites about pasties in those places:

  • Joes Pasty Shop in Ironwood, Michigan claims to be the first pasty shop in the UP, started in 1946.
  • Grandma's Pasties has two shops, one in Richfield and another in Minneapolis.

Web ResourceRead the first chapter of North to Iron Country by Janie Lynn Panagopoulos, a book for kids about mining in the Iron Range. Only Chapter 1 is online. Go to your library to find the rest of the book.

Web ResourceDo you know what calcite and pyrite look like? Minerals of Shullsburg, WI Area shows photos of these and other minerals that were extracted from mines in Shullsburg.

Web ResourceIf you want to really research mining, go to KIDS Report. Middle school students from Iron River, Michigan report on nine different web sites about mining.

Web ResourceWould you like to see pictures of Cornwall, England, original home of the pasty? You can read about the history of the pasty in Cornwall too.

Web ResourceCornish-Americans, like many other ethnic groups, celebrate their heritage. Find out what the Cornish American Heritage Society does.

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Text written by Jamie Yuenger, edited by Anne Pryor.

Sources consulted include the Smithsonian Folklife Festival tape, “Wisconsin Kitchen-Cornish Foods, Tape 4” (7/3/98), with the tape housed at the Wisconsin Arts Board and the article, “The Cornish Pasty in Northern Michigan,” by William G. Lockwood and Yvonne R. Lockwood, in Michigan Folklife Reader, Michigan State University Press, 1998, pp. 359-73.


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Dorothy Hodgson



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