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Frank Montano’s
Main Page

Artist's Art Form

Frank Montano’s
Art Form

Traditions in the Artist's Work

Traditions In
His Art


Frank Montano

Woodland Flutes
Bayfield, WI


Assimilate: To take on the ways of the majority cultural group.
Composing: Writing.
Fipple: Part of a two-chamber flute. It includes the barrier between the two chambers that has a narrow passage for the air. A fipple also includes the typically square hole on the top of the flute that the sound comes out of.
Improvisation: To make up or invent.
Mandolin: A stringed instrument usually with a pear-shaped body.
Mariachi: (sounds like, ma-ree-AH-chee) Strolling Mexican musicians who play in a combo with violins, guitars, basses and trumpets.
Migrant agricultural work: (sounds like, MY-grint, and a-gruh-CUHL-chur-al) Moving regularly in order to find work in harvesting crops, such as apples, grapes, cotton.
Ojibwe: Anishinabe Indians who migrated from the St. Lawrence River to Lake Superior, settling in what’s now north-central United States and south-central Canada.
Reservation: Land set aside for a group of people.
Second-shift: From about 4PM until midnight.
Seldom: Not very often.
Shriller: More high pitched.

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Journal Questions

QuestionDescribe the place where you like to go to make music.

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Resources for Teachers

Web ResourceMariachi music was an early inspiration for Frank. Explore this type of music with your students with the help of the materials on Mariachi Education Resources.

Web Resource“Native Journeys” is part of the video series, Wisconsin Stories, co-produced by Wisconsin Public Television and Wisconsin State Historical Society. The on-line resources that accompany “Native Journeys” are extensive.

Web ResourceAnishinabe - Ojibwe - Chippewa: Culture of an Indian Nation, from the National Endowment for the Humanities’ EDSITEment, provides extensive resources and lesson plans on the Ojibwe Nation, designed for 3rd-5th grades.

Book ResourceThere’s a photo of Frank included in the book Indian Nations of Wisconsin: Histories of Endurance and Renewal by Patty Loew (Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2001). Look on page 72 and on the cover!

Web ResourceThe International Native American Flute Association’s site will inform you about the issues important to scholars and musicians of Native American flutes.

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Resources for Students

Web ResourceFrank is from Red Cliff. Not sure where that is? Find it on this map from Wisconsin Stories.

Web ResourceFlutes are just one of several musical instruments important in Woodland Indian traditions. The Milwaukee Public Museum will tell you about flutes, drums, shakers and more.

Web ResourceDo you know the different parts of a Woodland flute? This site on Native Flute Constructions will show you!

Web ResourceThere’s lots to know about Ojibwe culture and history. Read excerpts from the Chippewa Valley Museum’s Paths of the People. Explore the Milwaukee Public Museum’s Ojibwe Indian Country.

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Text written by Rick March, edited by Anne Pryor and Jamie Yuenger.

Sources consulted include The Anishinabe: An Overview Unit of the History and Background of the Wisconsin Ojibwe Indian Tribe, Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Bulletin No. 6479.


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Frank Montano



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